Why China Is so Good at Building Railways

Why China Is so Good at Building Railways

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Imagine a train that took you from Washington,
DC to Dallas, Texas in nine hours… or Paris,
France to Athens, Greece in nine hours…
or Adelaide, South Australia to Perth, Western
Australia in nine hours.
These train trips actually take 44 hours,
44 hours, and 41 hours respectively so the
idea of making any of these trips by train
in nine hours seems almost absurd.
In China, though, that’s reality.
In September, 2018 the country opened up a
brand new high speed rail route with d irect
trains from Hong Kong to Beijing.
This is about the same distance as DC to Dallas,
Paris to Athens, or Adelaide to Perth and
yet these trains make the trip in only 8 hours
and 56 minutes.
What makes this even more impressive is that
ten years ago, in 2008, at the time of the
Beijing Olympics, China’s high-speed rail
network consisted of this.
We’ll have to zoom in because the extent
of the network was one 19 mile-long Maglev
train from Shanghai Airport to the outskirts
of Shanghai and a traditional high-speed rail
line from Beijing to the coastal city of Tianjin.
Today, ten years later, that network has expanded
into this.
China has eight times as much high speed track
as France, ten times as much as Japan, twenty
times as much as the UK, and five-hundred
times as much as the US.
In fact, China has as much high-speed rail
track as the rest of the world combined.
It is staggering the amount of progress they
have made in such a short amount of time.
Traditionally high speed rail exists in small
countries with rich populations by the likes
of Germany, France, and Japan.
China is neither of these things.
The country is enormous, about the same size
as the US, and is also not rich.
While no longer poor, China is definitively
a middle income country.
It’s about as rich as Mexico, Thailand,
or Brazil.
In fact, despite being the country with the
most high speed rail in the world, China is
also the poorest country in the world to have
any high speed rail.
Despite the country’s vast size, China’s
huge population makes it very dense especially
in the east half.
This means that China does have large cities
close enough together where it makes sense
to take the train rather than the plane.
Trips like Guangzhou to Changsha, a distance
of 350 miles, take an hour by plane or 2 hours
and 20 minutes by train.
When factoring in the time it takes to check
in, go through security, and board it absolutely
makes sense to go by train when traveling
between these two cities even without considering
that the high-speed train is cheaper than
High speed rail even makes sense in China
on longer routes where it wouldn’t in other
Beijing and Shanghai, for example, are about
650 miles apart.
Normally that would be too far for high speed
rail to make sense.
Paris and Barcelona, for example, are 500
miles apart—closer than Beijing and Shanghai—but
only two high speed trains a day run between
the two cities compared to about 20 flights.
Between Beijing and Shanghai, on the other
hand, about 50 flights run per day run compared
to 41 trains.
Considering the trains carry far more people
each, up to 1,200, trains are therefore the
dominant means of transport between these
two cities.
There are a few differences between these
two routes.
For one, while Beijing-Shanghai by train takes
4 hours and 28 minutes, Paris-Barcelona, despite
being a shorter distance, takes a longer 6
hours and 25 minutes.
The other factor, though, is about the competition.
Europe has an efficient air transport network
dominated by budget airlines that are often
far cheaper than trains.
You can find tickets for flights between Paris
and Barcelona for as little as $12 while the
cheapest Beijing-Shanghai flights go for $74.
Air travel within China is also far from efficient.
China Southern, China Eastern, and Air China,
the three largest Chinese airlines, arrive
on time an average of 67%, 66%, and 63% of
the time respectively.
A big reason for this is that there’s just
not enough room in the skies.
A majority of China’s airspace is military
controlled meaning that there are just these
narrow flight corridors that account for 30%
of airspace where civilian planes can fly.
With tons of planes and not much room to fly
planes are frequently delayed by air traffic
control to wait for the airspace to clear
up which leads to the abysmal on-time ratings
of the country’s airlines.
While the Beijing-Shanghai flight takes only
two hours the potential of delays, along with
all the other factors that make air travel
slower, help make the train the popular means
of transport on this longer route.
Other train routes in China, though, make
less sense.
For example, in 2014, the new high speed train
line opened between Lanzhou and Urumqi.
These two cities are relatively small by China
They both have a population of 3.5 million
and between them are only small towns.
They’re also not close—about 1,000 miles
separate them.
This project could therefore be compared to
building a high speed train from Denver to
Seattle—they’re modestly sized cities
a long way’s apart with nothing big in between.
Some people would use it but it wouldn’t
make any financial sense.
In China, Lanzhou and Urumqi are not small
cities but there’s really nothing big in
between and, at that distance, there’s no
sense not flying.
The Lanzhou-Urumqi high speed train takes
11 hours compared to the 2.5 hour flight and
the construction cost of that line was $20
billion meaning that, if every seat on every
train was filled tickets would still have
to cost $400 each way just to make back the
construction cost in 30 years.
In reality tickets cost about $80 and trains
are far from full meaning that this rail line
is just insanely far from profitable.
The ticket revenues from these trains reportedly
don’t even cover the cost of electricity
for the line let alone construction and other
operating costs.
So why would the Chinese government sink so
much money into something that has no prospects
of really ever making money?
Well, politics.
Urumqi is the capital of the Xinjiang province.
While 92% of China’s population is Han Chinese,
the Xinjiang province is primarily Uyghur—one
of the minority ethnic groups of China—and
there has been an ongoing fairly strong separatist
movement by the Uyghurs from China that has
often turned violent.
The central government in Beijing, however,
wants the Xinjiang province to be just as
integrated as the rest of the country and
has tried a variety of methods to force this
including moving Han Chinese into the region
and the imprisonment of Uyghurs in so-called
“reeducation camps.”
The high-speed train is just the most recent
tactic to bring Xinjiang closer to Beijing
and this is no secret.
The central government is fully upfront in
saying that the line was built to promote,
as they call it, “ethnic unity.”
This isn’t even the first time they’ve
used this tactic of railroad politics.
Tibet, a region even better known than Xinjiang
for its independence movement, was the last
region in China not to have a railway due
to its small population and intense terrain.
The central government still wanted to build
one, though, to bring it closer to the rest
of the country and so they did.
Trains now run directly from Beijing to Lhasa,
Tibet in 47 hours on the highest elevation
rail line in the world.
These trains reach an elevation of 16,640
feet—so high that passengers have to use
a direct oxygen supply.
Even the train to Hong Kong serves the central
government’s goal of further integrating
Hong Kong, which is an autonomous special
administrative region, into mainland China.
While high-speed trains to Hong Kong certainly
do make a lot more sense than trains to the
Xinjiang province, many Hong Kongers have
not greeted the new service kindly as they
view it as an encroachment on the autonomy
guaranteed to them by Hong Kong Basic Law.
The most controversial part has not been the
fact that there’s a train but rather that
the station in Hong Kong includes an area
that is effectively now part of Mainland China
since people pass through border controls
before boarding the train in Hong Kong.
Just like any country, what having a high-speed,
efficient rail network in China is doing is
bringing the country together and making it
stronger even if it’s bringing together
people that want to stay apart.
No matter their motives, it’s clear that
China is building their high speed rail network
more efficiently than any other country.
To compare, this is the plan for California’s
high speed rail line from San Francisco to
the Los Angeles area.
It’s currently in very early phases of construction
and is expected to open by 2029.
Of course that means that the time it will
take for the California’s high speed rail
network to go from this to this is the same
as the time it took China’s high speed rail
network to go from this to this but, the main
thing to look at is cost.
This Californian network is expected to cost
$77 billion and is 520 miles long meaning
that it will cost $148 million per mile to
China, on the other hand, is building their
network at a cost of only $30 million per
Of course labor costs are lower in China and
their network crosses more rural areas where
land acquisition costs are lower but, what’s
more meaningful is that they’ve turned building
high speed rail into almost an assembly line
process where they can mass produce even the
most expensive elements like viaducts and
In true Chinese fashion, with scale they’re
making high-speed cheaper.
The big difference between China and a lot
of the western world, particularly countries
like the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand,
and the UK, is that high speed rail is at
the top of the government’s priorities.
Unsurprisingly given their government structure,
in many ways, China has placed social benefit,
at least by the definition of the central
government, ahead of profitability when developing
their high speed rail network.
High-speed rail lines just aren’t as profitable
as other means of transport like planes but
they are undoubtably better for countries
so you have to consider the social benefit
when looking at their overall profitability.
For the San Francisco to LA high speed rail
route, for example, one study found that the
social benefit derived from lower carbon emissions,
higher worker productivity, and reduced casualties
from fewer people on the road would be equivalent
to about $440 million per year.
As it turns out, this is almost the exact
amount that the state will have to subsidize
the line for it to break even.
The China Railway Corporation, a state owned
enterprise, is actually slightly profitable,
although it does have huge amounts of debts
and is helped by government subsidies.
The benefit to the Chinese people, though,
is huge.
The high-speed rail allows those who can’t
afford to live in the most expensive cities
like Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou to easily
commute from cheaper suburbs by high-speed
Thanks to the high-speed rail, there are now
75 million people who can commute to Shanghai
in under an hour.
It is growing what are already some of the
largest cities and, when it comes to cities,
size is strength.
These lines connecting the east’s largest
cities are some of the most profitable rail
lines in the world and they’re making living
and working in China easier but the question
is, when we look back decades from now, whether
the high-speed trains to smaller cities will
have made sense.
Out of a desire to keep the lines going straight
between the big cities, the stops for smaller
cities are often out in the countryside dozens
of miles away from the city core.
The high speed station for Hengyang, for example,
a smaller city of only a million, is about
a 45 minute drive east of the city center.
The hope is that new development will spring
up around the stations but this network structure,
even if it saves time on the train, wastes
time before and after which degrades the benefit
of high-speed rail.
In all, China is really the first country
to have experimented with long-distance, high
speed rail through less-dense areas in its
In the east, though, these trains are enlarging
the country’s economic power.
It’s just one of the many factors speeding
up China’s catch-up with world’s richest
Even though China is building these trains
for less and innovating on the construction
of high-speed rail, the real reason why China
is so good at building railways is because
they have the one thing that almost every
other country lacks—the political will for
high-speed trains.
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100 thoughts to “Why China Is so Good at Building Railways”

  1. U.S gov't works for those that pay them via lobbying (ahem bribes) but it's called a "democracy". Chinese gov't works for their people but it's communist. This world is upside down.

  2. This is called innovation in travel and public transport. USA seems to like to look back instead of forward in this particular instance.

  3. 윤석열 검찰총장님에게 드리는 글 !

    박근혜정부 시절에 추가경쟁예산안의 150조윈을 조성을 하였다ㆍ국민은 중국정부와 100조위안화로서 세계철도 ㆍ도로ㆍ생물플랜트 계약서을 위해서 노력하던 중에 한국에 100조가 준비가 되었사오니 계약하자는 제안이 들어왔다ㆍ이것이 국가예산안 중에서 조성된 자금원으로서 100조을 마련하여 돈을 숨길때가 없어서 스위스 특별계좌에 예금된 자금의 세틱과정중에서 스위스 000씨의 동포가 한국의 안민석의원에게 제보된 자금세탁의 뭉치돈을 세타과정중에 밀고된 자금규모이다 그자금이 100조원을 빼돌러서 자금세탁과정을 국민이 검잘에 밀고하였사오나 유명무실하게 되었다 스위스 한국은 외교조약으로서 금융정보 교환토록되어 있어므로 전방위 특수통을 투입하시여 스위스 특별계좌에 대하여 모조리 다파혜치시길 바랍니다 그자금의 성격은 창조경제을 빌미로 150조원의 추경자금ㅡ빼돌러서 스위스계좌송금세탁과정에시 교포가 밀고됝사건의 개요입니다 ㆍ

  4. Such a stupid comparison (Australia…). China is a bilion country where the train occupancy is 100% for economy class. I tried myself and i couldn't hop on the next train like i am used in Europe. One has to plan to travel by train in China.

  5. China is building railways for:
    1. better living standard
    2. one belt one road
    3. connection
    a good governments exist to make your living standard better, not to make profit from their own civilians.
    Banks and corporations want profit from you.

  6. 當年羨慕香港,香港還一切安好時候,我在香港跟個老伯伯聊天,他非常gentle,但不經意間他說:白人地位是最高的。那時候我是震驚,因為這個理念在他心中根深蒂固,說出來非常自然。我們內地人只會一心想超越白人,從來沒有覺得那個種族地位是最高的。——————物理的牆容易翻,精神的牆一輩子也無法翻。

  7. Xinjiang was a part of china since 100 years before Caesar was born. And Tibet was a part of China was the same time period when Mongolian invade Europe. The reason why we build the train between Urumqi and lanzhou really because Gansu and Xinjiang are much more poorer than the west coast provinces. They need people to make investments from the east to the west. They need to solve the gap between poor and rich.

  8. so, they learned how to mass-produce every part of a high speed railway system ? i would like to know more.

    It seems like here in the western countries, every big project reinvent the wheel and costs goes wild

  9. If the Chinese don't build Xinjiang, you say discrimination against Uygurs, and build Xinjiang, and you say political intentions, are you wrong as long as the Chinese are in your eyes?

  10. Mr. Sam, I fear you forget one thing: HSR is far more than the glorious flagships that we all try to get when traveling between large city pairs. It is also about the smaller counties where alternatives are limited and time-consuming. This is another part of the intention—-to bring the people of the smaller concentrations to larger ones faster.

  11. Because "progress" there isn't hampered by human rights, environment, "affirmative" racism, immigrant invasion, gay rights, paedophilia rights, liberalism and democracy.

  12. The US carmaker and airline cartels are making life difficult for builders of hi-speed railways in California. US federal gov’t should intervene to make transpo industry more fair.

  13. Every day China has the newest
    infrastructure what built very quickly and cheaply, without much care for
    safety or quality often involve corrupt business people or officials. The most
    second generation of officials launched constructions companies to take these
    construction project, some the companies might disappear after finish these
    infrastructures, cause there is a lot of damage issue in these highways or
    bridges in the future years.

  14. Maybe because the Germans thought them how to do it when the west had already thousands of kilomètres of railways and China barely dusty villages?

  15. 首先博主你的一些简介是错误的,不要误导别人,新疆没有所谓的少数民族集中营,也没有在教育基地,你不要信口雌黄,你不懂政治不要在这抹黑中国,you are lose

  16. China had so many railway accidents killed thousands of people. China buried some railway trains to cover up these accidents. Since then China keeps improving the railroad systems but China never can catch up with Japan and Europe. If China failed thousand times, China has to keep on building railways. That is why China is so Good at Building Railways.

  17. This is all propped up by government subsidy, not by market demands. These state owned enterprises are deep in debt just building these rail lines and of course they obtained loans from the central bank at favorable terms which is not a market force. There's more to the story here. There are some with an obsession with rail and in America it's usually subsidized and does not turn over a profit and it so slower than air travel. This means the tax payers will foot the bill for that California rail just so the upper middle class can pay a reduced rate for using it. It also makes no sense to book an amtrack. The bottom line is there's no demand for these rail networks in America at this time. If we can develop a cheaper than air flight method of utilizing trains, then we'd have the demand for it and it could be privately funded like railroads were originally funded until the state monopolized it for 'fairness'. This is all about pushing a green agenda. There are forces in America that want to see Americans using trains and buses in favor of private vehicles… I'm not interested in this and most Americans aren't either if push came to shove.

  18. Well spain want to talk about this, we have the second largest (just behind china, and we are working to just double our network) high speed train network.

    Why? I don't have idea
    Is not cheap and is not reliable, just as all the trains here

    And it is fast?
    Not quite, yeah those trains are faster than normal trains, but this trains don't go to their maximun speed. Why? Don't ask me.

    We have wifi in the trains? NOPE, all the buses have wifi but the AVE don't? Come on!! (Edit: well we have but, only in the important routes)

    At least are faster than regional planes if you count check-in, boarding and taxiing to the runway.

    I only recomend it if you go in first class or buisness, not bad, meals included and free parking and other things but I don't remember it.

    This is the spanish way to do things. We just do it and eventually we will improve it or we will abandon the project.

  19. CRH1 Made in Germany(Bombardier Regina)
    CRH2 Made in Japan(Kawasaki E2)
    CRH3 Made in Germany(ICE 3)
    CRH5 Made in Italy (Alstom ETR600)

    That’s why

  20. I don’t think that China isn’t really good at railway because they just are jealous of the Japanese bullet trains 🚅

  21. But if Chinese trains aren’t very in time then Japanese trains are better because the Japanese time there trains to Arrive by seconds! While in China it’s always delayed that’s why Building so much tracks is going to be hard of you don’t schedule them well, especially if there are 41 trains going to Hong Kong to Beijing every day that’s why Chinese trains aren’t very good.

  22. After where it says building so much track I meant to say it will be hard for China if there aren’t very good at scheduling there trains to run on time.

  23. ㅡChina railway 특징ㅡ

    ㅡ첫째 / 세계최고 슈퍼고속철도의 속도이다

    ㅡ둘째 / 원가 코스트가 저렴하다ㆍ즉 건설비용 ㆍ차량제작비가 저렴하다ㆍ

    ㅡ세째/ 세계철도 표준화은 주도하고 있다

    ㅡ네째 / 시진핑정부의 일대일로 정책적인 지윈책이 타국가보다 늦게 시작하여 세계차량속도을 주도하고있다

    ㅡ다섯째 / 단일 철도법인기업으로서 자산규모가 50조원을 상회
    하고ㆍ일본ㆍ프랑스 기술을 앞서가고 있다

    ㅡ여섯째 / 철도무인화/(ATS)연구 개발로서 또다른 철도무인화 ㅡ자동화 주도적인 역할을 도모하고 있다ㆍ

    ㅡ일곱째 / 차량제작시 대룩철도 차량투입에 최적화의 조건은 구비하고 있다

    ㅡ여덟째 / 차이나 월드 스탠다드 시대가 다가오고 있다

    이상과 같이 차이나 시진핑정부의 one road one belt police 영향으로 세계철도 견인자ㅡ주도자 ㅡ최고속도ㅡ무인화ㅡ자동화 시대을 차이나가 주도할 그날이 성큼다가오고 있다 ㆍ

  24. Can we just appreciate how confident he said these Chinese names… I mean Ürümqi! How did he even know how to say that!

  25. Spain has half of the GDP of California and about the same size. Spain is crisscrossed by bullet trains called AVE since the '90s. California has none in 2019.  U.S. oligarchs or so-called politicians lobbied  by the big car manufacturers and airplane companies will not allow it to happen.

  26. ㅡ다섯째 / 단일 철도법인기업으로서 자산규모가 50조원을 상회

    하고ㆍ일본ㆍ프랑스 기술을 앞서가고 있다
    ⇒한국 씨. 무엇이든 그렇지만, 제대로 알아 쓰고 마 …

    빚이 얼마인지 알아습니까?

    1000 조 ₩ 해요. 중국의 국영 기업이기 때문에 유지하고있는 거에요.

    (₩ 더욱 하락하고 숫자 되튐 있지만, 국가의 2 년간 국가 예산보다 1 개사의 부채 규모가 큰 거죠. 자산은 가볍게 초과 채무입니다.)

    한국에서는 1969 년부터 철도청의 주요 노선에 일본 국유 철도의 ATS-S와 동격의 장치가 순차적으로 도입되었다. 또한 1974 년 [67] 수도권 가전에 따라 운행되게 전철은 다 이상한 원주 지점 제어 자동차에 연속 속도 검토 식 ATS가 탑재되었다.

    중국 중장 거리 철도를 운영하는 중국 철도 총 공사의 노선에 1980 년대 후반에 도입 된 것으로, 주로 간선 구간을 중심으로 도입되었다. 규격은 일본의 ATS-P와 ATC에 준하여있다. 곡선 · 경사 속도 검토는 IC 카드에 기록되어있는 정보에 따라 이루어진다.

    일본에서는 더욱 개량하여 3 분 간격으로 열차 운행을 가능하게 한 ATC 있습니다. 속도로 중국에 떨어지지 만 (일본은 스피드 낼 직선이 적습니다. 도시 터널 돌입시의 소음 지진시 안전하게 정지시킬 열차 제어. 55 년 전에 개통하고 있으니까 기초 지반이 당시 최신에서도 지금은 오래된이 같은 특수 문제가 시험에서 443km 낼 수 있습니다 만, 지금은 320km (touhoku shinkannsen)까지입니다.)

    3 분 간격으로 300km / h 운행하는 열차 제어 시스템 진화 한 'ATC'은 일본이 최고입니다.

  27. Because China steals tech from America. Wait a minute, America doesn't have even 1 mile of such railways. Oh, that must because China steals it away.

  28. im not 100% but i think your wrong china is by fare richer than mexico and the other countries you listed most of the world owes china shit loads so yeah there not rich lol

  29. I was going to say they had experience building America's railroad… So the saying is right, experience matters.

  30. I had to laugh at the "land acquisition" reference. The fucking Chicoms do whatever they want to, of course It's all for the good of the people. Yeah right. These worthless fuckers are hell bent on destroying the 🌎, of course It's all for the good of the people. LMAO

  31. I think almost 95% foreigners that I have spoken with, who have been to China, have misled by Western media before they traveled to China. And most of them found China is very impressive in terms of technology, people, city structure and natural environment.

  32. So I actually went on a train from Saingai to Beijing as well as a Hanian airlines and I actually prefer the train because the plain gets delayed by one hour or a cancelled flight from Beijing to Vegas for two days.

  33. china must stop with these education camps and surveilling their own people. China has the potential to be an awesome good pioneer for the future of mankind. But I am affraid of China for some reason. Though I love their culture I know from TV movies 😀

  34. In the beginning this video seemed like an honest, unbiased explanation video, but when he compared China with Mexico and Brazil, and called it the poorest country to have high speed trains, then claims that China's intention to build a railway line to XinJiang was to imprison the Muslims there, he showed his true agenda.

    He tried to hide it but still that typical western media attitude exposed himself.

  35. lots of people in the comment section are brainwashed by medias. people know China so little but make too many wrong statements, so stupid.

  36. I am sure that u never been china and not even having a China friend… China is poor????? What a joke? If u have seen thier spending power… … I am sure u know very little about them. So dont even mention about your point of view about Xin Jiang and Hong Kong 😂 😂 😂 😂 😂 they are poor but they are many super rich too, why emphasize only one side?

  37. Westerners version of China: cHiNa aNd CoMmuNiSm aRe eViL anD ViOlAtE hUmAN rIgHTs
    Reality China: the communist government gets their crap together and modernizes the country, improve the economy, strengthen some foreign ties, spreads their riches to poorer countries and modernizes them.

  38. Single party government gets things done. The Chinese central government makes plans for 5 years, 10 years, 15 years, 20 years… 50 years, 100 years in the future.

  39. China's high speed rail network is a great example of why democracy, and giving everyone a say, is ultimately the enemy of progress. Multi-party democracies like New Zealand and Australia and Britain etc argue and argue and argue about everything. Not just the politicians, but also the average person feels they are somehow entitled to a view, even if they know absolutely fu**ing nothing about the topic at hand, which basically means that radical change is off the agenda for good and everything that gets done is like a watered down, extremely weak version of what it could have been. In China, the government decide something needs to be done, and it gets done. And because the Chinese people haven't been poisoned with this annoying notion that they can and should have a say in any and everything, they don't endlessly oppose sh*t they know nothing about. Like seriously, what the heck does the Average Joe know about building a high speed rail network and its benefits and challenges? Nothing! But in democratic countries they THINK they know, because the "free"media selects tidbits of information and tells them what to be mad about, whether it's accurate or not, and gives people this false idea that they are somehow enlightened and what they have to say is important or valid. Go China, and strong, central governance.

  40. 有多少人可以坐高鐵通勤?還七千萬人勒,現在一天也就四百多萬人次坐,平均三百多公里,新疆西藏的鐵路還有國防目的,老共的空域跟美國差不多但受威脅程度差太多,要不誤點只能等到國防跟美國一樣安全,看完視頻感覺西方不衰敗沒有天理

  41. You know why we build the railway even if it's not profitable? Because we paid taxes for it. And like all the other infrastructure built in mainland China, the main aim is not to make a profit from it, the aim is to serve the people so that they can bring more progress and profits to our country.

  42. And one good reason why we have the money to build infrastructure is that we do not use our money to send war around the world.

  43. Chan…wish my country had that kind of "corruption". You get something for it. U.S. spends on war. And corrupt.


  45. Please don't relate everything to politics or institution. For many people, it's more meaningful to live comfortable than arguing who is the president. Increase income, advantage medical insurance, convenient infrastructure and safe, stable societal environment, of course. We just should pay attention in these things. Because they're with you everyday. Observably, a few careerists doesn't like this. They imagine to find a way that they can step in the power point quickly and easily. They don't care if the people live in the country better or worse. They just want to get more power. For this purpose, they can trade everything. Fortunately, CCP prevent this situation coming.

  46. China might have great technology I’ll hand them that! But they are corrupt in their business dealings
    – https://ewn.co.za/2019/05/28/state-capture-inquiry-hears-of-unethical-molefe-china-south-rail-relationship/amp

  47. I find odd that you never mention Spain when it comes to high speed trains, it has one of the largest networks currently in the world, only behind China and Japan.

  48. I visited Shanghai China in 1979, when the city didn’t have a public sewer and homes didn’t have flushing toilets. The electricity was a 60 watt single bulb. Nobody had a refrigerator and most didn’t have tv. 50 years, they’ve completely transformed the country. Not through colonialism or wars, but sheer determination and hard work. But the western media constantly slams it.

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