PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode August 24, 2019

PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode August 24, 2019


>>Sreenivasan: ON THIS SPECIAL
EDITION FOR SATURDAY, AUGUST 24:
THE STATE OF PLAY IN THE
PRESIDENTIAL RACE IN NORTH
CAROLINA; PRESIDENT TRUMP
ARRIVES IN FRANCE FOR THE G7
SUMMIT; AND IN OUR SIGNATURE
SEGMENT, WHY NORTH CAROLINA
FARMERS ARE SWITCHING FROM
TOBACCO TO HEMP.
NEXT ON PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.
>>Sreenivasan: GOOD EVENING,
AND THANKS FOR JOINING US.
WE’RE HERE IN CHARLOTTE, NORTH
CAROLINA, HOST TO NEXT YEAR’S
REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION,
WHICH WILL BE HELD AT THE
SPECTRUM CENTER RIGHT BEHIND ME.
PRESIDENT TRUMP CARRIED THIS
STATE COMFORTABLY IN 2016, AND
REPUBLICANS CONTROL BOTH STATE
LEGISLATIVE HOUSES.
IN A FEW WEEKS, VOTERS WILL TURN
OUT FOR THE STATE’S NINTH
DISTRICT CONGRESSIONAL SEAT.
THAT CONTEST MAY BE AN EARLY
BAROMETER FOR THE 2020 RACE IN
THIS CRUCIAL BATTLEGROUND STATE.
WE’LL HAVE MORE FROM NORTH
CAROLINA AFTER THESE HEADLINES.
PRESIDENT TRUMP ARRIVED IN
FRANCE TODAY FOR THE START OF
THE THREE-DAY G7 SUMMIT.
BEFORE A DINNER TONIGHT WITH ALL
SEVEN LEADERS, MR. TRUMP HAD A
ONE-ON-ONE LUNCH WITH FRENCH
PRESIDENT EMMANUEL MACRON.
MACRON SAID THE SUMMIT WILL BE
AN OPPORTUNITY TO DISCUSS “HOW
TO DECREASE TENSIONS AND FIX THE
SITUATION IN TERMS OF TRADE.”
AFTER A WEEK OF RELATIVE CALM IN
HONG KONG, THOUSANDS OF ANTI-
GOVERNMENT DEMONSTRATORS RESUMED
PROTESTS TODAY REITERATING THEIR
PRO-DEMOCRACY DEMANDS.
POLICE FIRED TEAR GAS INTO THE
CROWDS, WHO THREW MOLOTOV
COCKTAILS, BRICKS, AND ATTEMPTED
TO TEAR DOWN SO-CALLED “SMART”
LAMP POSTS FITTED WITH
SURVEILLANCE CAMERAS.
HONG KONG’S CHIEF EXECUTIVE,
CARRIE LAM, WROTE ON HER
FACEBOOK PAGE TODAY THAT
“EVERYONE IS TIRED” AND CALLED
FOR PEACEFUL DIALOGUE.
THE PRO-DEMOCRACY PROTESTERS
VOWED TO CONTINUE THEIR
DEMONSTRATIONS.
NORTH KOREA ON SATURDAY LAUNCHED
ITS LATEST ROUND OF WEAPONS
TESTS.
READ MORE AT
www.pbs.org/newshour.
>>Sreenivasan: BACK IN 1990,
ADVISORS TO LATE SENATOR JESSE
HELMS RAN A CONTROVERSIAL TV AD
INJECTING RACE INTO AN ALREADY
BITTER SENATE CONTEST.
THE AD SHOWED A PAIR OF WHITE
HANDS CRUMPLING AN EMPLOYMENT
REJECTION LETTER.
THE VOICEOVER SAID, “THEY HAD TO
GIVE IT TO A MINORITY BECAUSE OF
A RACIAL QUOTA,” AN ISSUE HELMS
RAISED CONSTANTLY WITHOUT
EVIDENCE OF ANY QUOTAS.
FROM AN INCREASING NUMBER OF
REPORTED HATE CRIMES TO RACIST
STATEMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT
HIMSELF, RACE IS BACK IN THE
POLITICAL SPOTLIGHT.
JUST RECENTLY AT A TRUMP RALLY
IN NORTH CAROLINA, TRUMP
SUPPORTERS CHANTED “SEND HER
BACK” IN RESPONSE TO THE
PRESIDENT’S COMMENTS ABOUT
CONGRESSWOMAN ILHAN OMAR.
YESTERDAY, I SPOKE WITH CARTER
WRENN, A LONG-TIME REPUBLICAN
STRATEGIST WHO ONCE WORKED ON
JESSE HELMS’ CAMPAIGN AND IS NOW
ADVISING GARLAND TUCKER ON HIS
U.S. SENATE REPUBLICAN PRIMARY
RUN AGAINST SENATOR THOM TILLIS.
I BEGAN BY ASKING WHY
REPUBLICANS WANT TO HOLD THEIR
CONVENTION HERE NEXT AUGUST.
>>I THINK THAT’S AN INSIDER
KIND OF POLITICAL DECISION.
THEY THINK, “WELL, WE SHOULD
HAVE A CONVENTION IN A SWING
STATE.”
>>Sreenivasan: IS THE
DEMOGRAPHIC IN NORTH CAROLINA
CHANGING TO MAKE IT A SWING
STATE?
>>YOU KNOW, FOR YEARS, WE WERE
BASICALLY A STATE WHERE
DEMOCRATS OUTNUMBERED
REPUBLICANS TWO OR THREE TO ONE.
AND THAT WORKED OUT ALL RIGHT
FOR REPUBLICANS BECAUSE A LOT OF
THOSE DEMOCRATS WERE
CONSERVATIVE DEMOCRATS WHO SPLIT
A TICKET AND CROSSED OVER.
WHAT’S HAPPENED IN, SAY, THE
LAST TEN OR 15 YEARS IS THE
NUMBER OF DEMOCRATS HAS DROPPED
AND THE NUMBER OF INDEPENDENTS
HAS GONE UP A LOT SO THAT TODAY
YOU’VE GOT– THESE ARE
APPROXIMATE– BUT 35% OF THE
VOTERS WHO WILL VOTE DEMOCRAT,
35 WHO WILL VOTE REPUBLICAN, AND
30 WHO WERE INDEPENDENT, AND
THEY SPLIT A TICKET.
AND THAT DEMOGRAPHIC JUST MAKES
THIS SORT OF YOUR CLASSIC SWING
STATE.
>>Sreenivasan: HAS RACE BECOME
MORE IMPORTANT THIS YEAR OR IN
THIS CYCLE?
>>IT’S ALWAYS IMPORTANT, BUT…
NOTHING MORE IMPORTANT.
YOU KNOW, AFRICAN AMERICANS ARE
22% OF THE REGISTERED VOTERS IN
NORTH CAROLINA.
IN 2012, THEY WERE 22% OF THE
PEOPLE THAT VOTED.
WHAT HAPPENED IN ’16 WAS, AT THE
END, AFRICAN AMERICAN TURNOUT
DROPPED, AND THEY WERE 18% OF
THE VOTE.
NOW, THAT’S A HUGE HIT FOR A
DEMOCRAT.
PROBABLY COST HILLARY CLINTON
FOUR POINTS.
I THINK MAYBE– THIS IS READING
TEA LEAVES– BUT MAYBE ONE OF
THE REASONS THE DEMOCRATS ARE
TALKING SO MUCH ABOUT RACE IS
THEY WANT MOTIVATE THE BLACK
VOTE SO THAT DOESN’T HAPPEN TO
THEM AGAIN.
BUT IS IT MORE IMPORTANT THAN IN
THE PAST?
NO.
>>Sreenivasan: GIVEN THAT EVEN
THOSE FOUR POINTS OF THE BLACK
VOTE MATTERED, MIGHT HAVE
MATTERED SIGNIFICANTLY TO THE
SUCCESS OF DEMOCRATS, HOW DO
REPUBLICANS REACH OUT AND ENSURE
THAT BLACK VOTERS SUPPORT THEM?
>>IT’S VERY DIFFICULT.
I MEAN, IF YOU LOOK AT THE
HISTORICAL TRENDS, YOU KNOW, THE
REPUBLICANS WILL GET 4% OR 5% OF
THE AFRICAN AMERICAN VOTE.
NOW, IT’S INCHED UP OVER THE
YEARS, BUT IT’S NOT SOMETHING
THAT LOOKS LIKE THIS IS GOING TO
BE A GREAT BREAKTHROUGH.
IF A REPUBLICAN GOT 15% OF THE
BLACK VOTE, THEY’D BE TICKLED TO
DEATH.
>>Sreenivasan: HOW DO YOU SEE
NORTH CAROLINA GOING IN 2020?
>>IT COULD GO EITHER WAY.
>>Sreenivasan: REALLY?
>>YOU KNOW, THE WAY I SEE IT,
RIGHT NOW, YOU KNOW, THERE’S
SOME POLLS THAT SHOW THE
DEMOCRATS LEADING TRUMP BY A
COUPLE OF POINTS.
I THINK THAT…
>>Sreenivasan: WE’RE STILL A
YEAR OUT.
>>I MEAN, YES, YOU WOULDN’T
WANT TO GET TO VEGAS AND MAKE A
BET ON ANY OF THAT.
I THINK IF THE DEMOCRATS
NOMINATE ONE OF THE MORE LIBERAL
CANDIDATES LIKE WARREN OR
SANDERS, I THINK TRUMP’S GOT A
PRETTY GOOD CHANCE TO WIN IN
NORTH CAROLINA.
IF IT’S BIDEN, IT’S A LOT
TOUGHER RACE.
SO, IF THE DEMOCRATS MARCH LEFT,
NORTH CAROLINA IS NOT A
TERRIFICALLY LIBERAL STATE, SO I
THINK THAT WOULD GIVE TRUMP A
LITTLE EDGE.
IF THEY NOMINATE BIDEN, THEN
WE’LL JUST HAVE TO SEE.
BUT BOTTOM LINE FOR ANY… ANY
RACE IN NORTH CAROLINA–
STATEWIDE NOW– EITHER PARTY CAN
WIN.
>>Sreenivasan: CARTER WRENN,
THANKS SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.
>>I’M GLAD TO BE WITH YOU.
>>Sreenivasan: WHILE THE
LEGALIZATION OF MARIJUANA ACROSS
THE UNITED STATES GETS ALL THE
ATTENTION, THERE IS A CLOSE
COUSIN OF THE PLANT, HEMP, WHICH
IS HAVING A MOMENT.
IT’S NOT THE FIBER OF THE PLANT
WHICH CAN BE USED TO MAKE
EVERYTHING FROM T-SHIRTS TO TOTE
BAGS, BUT THE OIL CALLED C.B.D.
THAT CAN BE PRESSED FROM THE
FLOWER.
IT ISNOTAN F.D.A.-APPROVED
MEDICATION, BUT PROPONENTS
CONSIDER IT A PANACEA FOR A WIDE
RANGE OF AILMENTS.
SO, IT’S STILL LABELED A
WELLNESS PRODUCT SIMILAR TO
VITAMINS.
WHAT WE FOUND ON OUR RECENT
DRIVE THROUGH THE STATE IS THAT
THIS NEW INTEREST IN HEMP MIGHT
HELP SAVE A GROUP OF FARMERS
GOING THROUGH A TOUGH
TRANSITION.
RANDY EDWARDS HAS BEEN
HARVESTING TOBACCO FOR 43 YEARS.
EVER SINCE HE WAS A BOY HELPING
OUT ON HIS DAD’S FARM, TOBACCO
HAS KEPT THE FAMILY FARM IN
BUSINESS, THROUGH BLIGHT,
DROUGHTS, AND HURRICANES.
EDWARDS IS PROUD OF THE TOBACCO
HE GROWS.
>>FEEL HOW THICK THAT IS.
THAT’S THE GOOD, NORTH CAROLINA
QUALITY OF THE CROP.
>>Sreenivasan: BUT THIS COULD
BE ONE OF HIS LAST TOBACCO
HARVESTS.
THIS YEAR, HE’S GROWING JUST
HALF OF WHAT HE DID THREE YEARS
AGO.
AMERICANS ARE USING LESS
TOBACCO.
THAT’S PART OF IT.
BUT MOST OF THE TOBACCO GROWN
HERE IS SOLD OVERSEAS.
THE NUMBER ONE BUYER: CHINA.
THANKS TO THE STRENGTH OF THE
U.S. DOLLAR AND THE TRADE WAR
THAT BEGAN LAST YEAR, CHINA MADE
AMERICAN TOBACCO SO EXPENSIVE TO
BUY THAT IT DECIMATED THE EXPORT
MARKET.
NORTH CAROLINA, THE BIGGEST
TOBACCO-PRODUCING STATE, WAS HIT
ESPECIALLY HARD.
ACCORDING TO THE STATE’S FARM
BUREAU, IN 2017, THE STATE
EXPORTED $162 MILLION WORTH OF
TOBACCO TO CHINA.
IN 2018, THEY SENT $4 MILLION
WORTH.
THAT’S A 98% DROP.
EDWARDS IS ONE OF THE FEW
TOBACCO FARMERS IN HIS COUNTY
WHO’S BEEN ABLE TO SURVIVE.
>>WHEN I WAS A YOUNG BOY, THERE
WAS 50-60 TOBACCO FARMERS IN
THIS AREA.
AS OF TODAY, THERE’S TWO.
TWO LEFT.
>>Sreenivasan: THE EDWARDS
FAMILY HAVE BEEN FARMING FOR
FOUR GENERATIONS, WITH THE NEXT
ONE ON THE WAY.
BUT TO HEDGE AGAINST THE
UNSTEADINESS, THERE ARE NOW 50
ACRES OF SOLAR FIELDS PROVIDING
A STEADY INCOME, AND HE’S
TRYING SOMETHING NEW: HEMP.
IT LOOKS AND SMELLS LIKE
MARIJUANA, BUT IT’S NOT.
MORE ON THAT IN A BIT.
WHY IS THIS A HEMP FIELD NOW?
>>BECAUSE WE’VE HAD SO MANY
PROBLEMS WITH TOBACCO THE LAST
TWO OR THREE YEARS WITH THE
GOVERNMENT TARIFFS, AND THE U.S.
DOLLAR IS AT AN ALL-TIME HIGH
RIGHT NOW.
>>Sreenivasan: IT’S SUCH A NEW
CROP THAT THERE’S A LOT TO
LEARN.
ONE CHALLENGE: KEEPING MALE
PLANTS OUT OF THE FIELDS.
A SINGLE MALE PLANT CAN SPREAD
ITS POLLEN OVER A SEVEN-MILE
RANGE.
>>WE’VE GOT TO GO THROUGH ALL
THE PLANTS AND LOOK AT THE
PLANTS.
>>Sreenivasan: TO SEE IF A MALE
ONE SNUCK IN HERE.
>>IT POLLINATES THE REST OF THE
FIELD, AND IT LOWERS THE
QUALITY.
>>Sreenivasan: AND IS THIS
GOING TO BE MORE LABOR COSTS FOR
YOU?
>>MUCH MORE LABOR BECAUSE EVERY
ONE OF THESE RIGHT NOW HAS GOT
TO BE CUT BY HAND AND CARRIED TO
THE BARNS AND DRIED, AND THEN I
STRIP THE FLOWER AND BUDS
TO GET IT TO THE PROCESSOR.
THIS IS VERY MUCH A TEST,
ONGOING TEST.
WE’RE PLANTING ALL THE VARIETIES
THAT WE CAN GET OUR HANDS ON.
>>Sreenivasan: YOU’RE STARTING
OVER.
>>STARTING OVER.
IT’S LIKE BACKING UP 100 YEARS
IN TIME, FARMING.
A LOT OF IT GOING BACK TO HAND.
>>Sreenivasan: SO, YOU FEEL
LIKE, WHAT, YOUR GRANDPA, YOUR
GREAT-GRANDPA?
>>A LOT HAVE MADE THAT COMMENT
LATELY.
(LAUGHS)
>>Sreenivasan: EDWARDS ISN’T
THE ONLY FARMER EXPERIMENTING
WITH HEMP.
FIVE YEARS AGO, THE 2014 FARM
BILL ALLOWED STATES TO BEGIN
GROWING INDUSTRIAL HEMP UNDER
“AGRICULTURAL PILOT PROGRAMS”
FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES.
IN 2017, NORTH CAROLINA STARTED
ITS HEMP PILOT PROGRAM.
LAST DECEMBER, WHEN PRESIDENT
TRUMP SIGNED THE 2018 FARM BILL,
HEMP BECAME A LEGAL AGRICULTURAL
COMMODITY TO GROW ACROSS THE
COUNTRY FOR THE FIRST TIME.
THAT NEW STATUS HAS USHERED IN A
FLOOD OF INDUSTRIAL HEMP GROWERS
FROM NORTH CAROLINA TO KENTUCKY
TO ARIZONA.
>>I’VE NEVER… I’VE NEVER IN
ALL MY DAYS HERE ON THE FARM
SEEN ANYTHING THAT WAS AS HOT AS
THIS HEMP PRODUCTION RIGHT NOW.
>>Sreenivasan: LARRY WOOTEN IS
PRESIDENT OF THE NORTH CAROLINA
FARM BUREAU.
THE STATE’S INDUSTRIAL HEMP
PILOT PROGRAM BEGAN WITH 100
LICENSED GROWERS IN 2017.
>>WE HAVE OVER 1,500 GROWERS
THAT ARE LICENSED TO GROW HEMP
NOW IN NORTH CAROLINA, AND IT’S
GROWING EVERY DAY.
THAT’S AS MANY HEMP FARMERS
CERTIFIED AS WE HAVE TOBACCO
FARMERS.
>>Sreenivasan: AN HOUR SOUTH OF
RALEIGH, TOBACCO FARMER RYAN
PATTERSON BEGAN GROWING HEMP TWO
YEARS AGO.
HE STARTED WITH JUST 300 PLANTS
IN A GREENHOUSE.
THIS YEAR, HE PLANTED 120 ACRES.
WHAT’D YOUR NEIGHBORS THINK?
“HE’S… HE’S GROWING POT”?
>>YEAH, EVERYBODY.
I USED TO BE CALLED THE ‘MATO
MAN BECAUSE I GROW GREENHOUSE
TOMATOES.
AND NOW, EVERYBODY CALLS ME THE
WEED MAN.
>>Sreenivasan: (LAUGHS)
>>I GUESS YOU COULD BE CALLED
WORSE.
>>Sreenivasan: HEMP LOOKS AND
SMELLS LIKE ITS COUSIN PLANT,
MARIJUANA, AND IS ALSO PART OF
THE CANNABIS FAMILY.
BUT THERE’S A BIG DIFFERENCE:
THE PRIMARY PSYCHOACTIVE
COMPOUND IN MARIJUANA IS
TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL, OR T.H.C.
IT’S WHAT GIVES PEOPLE A HIGH.
HEMP CONTAINS T.H.C., TOO, BUT
IN MUCH SMALLER AMOUNTS.
UNDER FEDERAL LAW, LEGAL HEMP
MUST CONTAIN LESS THAN 0.3%.
RECREATIONAL MARIJUANA IN STATES
LIKE WASHINGTON CONTAINS AN
AVERAGE OF NEARLY 20% T.H.C.,
MORE THAN 60 TIMES AS MUCH.
>>CAN YOU SEE?
>>Sreenivasan: YEAH.
FRANNY TACY IS A FORMER
PHARMACEUTICAL SALES REP WHO
SAYS SHE FOUND HER CALLING IN
HEMP FARMING.
SHE GROWS 11 ACRES OF HEMP ON
HER FARMS.
>>HEMP IS THE ONLY CROP THAT
CAN FEED, CLOTHE, SHELTER AND
PROVIDE MEDICINE.
>>Sreenivasan: TACY, WHO WAS
THE FIRST FEMALE HEMP FARMER IN
NORTH CAROLINA, IS BREEDING HEMP
PLANTS TO HAVE LITTLE TO NO
T.H.C.
>>LEGALLY, WHAT IDENTIFIES HEMP
IS THAT IT HAS LESS THAN 0.3%
T.H.C.
>>Sreenivasan: INSTEAD, SHE IS
GROWING HEMP PLANTS TO EXTRACT A
DIFFERENT CHEMICAL COMPOUND ALSO
FOUND IN CANNABIS CALLED
CANNABIDOIL, OR C.B.D.
TACY SELLS C.B.D. PRODUCTS FROM
HER FARM AND OTHERS AT ONE OF
HER THREE STORES IN AND AROUND
ASHEVILLE.
>>THE TINCTURES ARE OUR NUMBER
ONE SELLING PRODUCT.
>>Sreenivasan: WHAT DO THEY DO?
YOU DO WHAT WITH THIS?
>>THAT IS TAKEN SUBLINGUALLY,
WHICH MEANS UNDER THE TONGUE.
>>Sreenivasan: SHE SELLS
EVERYTHING FROM TINCTURES AND
LOTIONS TO CHOCOLATE BARS AND
PRE-ROLLED CIGARETTES.
PROPONENTS LIKE TACY SAY THAT
C.B.D. HELPS REDUCE ANXIETY,
DEPRESSION, SLEEP DEPRIVATION.
THOSE CLAIMS HAVE NOT BEEN
EVALUATED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG
ADMINISTRATION, BUT THAT HASN’T
STOPPED THE C.B.D. INDUSTRY FROM
GROWING.
THE C.B.D. MARKET WAS ESTIMATED
TO BE WORTH $1.9 BILLION LAST
YEAR AND PROJECTED TO SURPASS
$20 BILLION BY 2024.
BUT TACY SAYS THAT BEFORE THAT,
THERE NEEDS TO BE A WAY TO
ENSURE THE SAFETY OF C.B.D.
PRODUCTS.
>>THE BIGGEST THING RIGHT NOW:
THIS MARKET IS UNREGULATED.
REGULATIONS ARE COMING.
AND IN AN UNREGULATED MARKET,
THE MOST IMPORTANT THING FOR A
CONSUMER TO KNOW IS, WHERE DID
IT COME FROM?
>>Sreenivasan: FOR NOW, THE
F.D.A. IS STILL SETTING
GUIDELINES FOR THE SALE OF
PRODUCTS CONTAINING C.B.D.
THEY RECENTLY SAID, “IT IS
CURRENTLY ILLEGAL TO PUT INTO
INTERSTATE COMMERCE A FOOD TO
WHICH C.B.D. HAS BEEN ADDED, OR
TO MARKET C.B.D. AS A DIETARY
SUPPLEMENT.”
AND THE AGENCY HAS SENT LETTERS
TO COMPANIES WARNING THEM NOT TO
SELL “UNAPPROVED NEW AND
MISBRANDED DRUG PRODUCTS” AND
NOT TO MAKE “UNSUBSTANTIATED
ADVERTISING CLAIMS.”
SO FAR, THE F.D.A. HAS APPROVED
ONLY ONE THERAPEUTIC USE OF
C.B.D., AS AN INGREDIENT IN THE
ANTI-SEIZURE DRUG EPIDIOLEX,
WHICH IS USED TO TREAT TWO RARE
PEDIATRIC DISEASES.
HOW DO YOU KNOW HOW PEOPLE REACT
TO SOMETHING THAT THEY BUY AT
YOUR STORE?
>>WE’RE NOT PHYSICIANS.
WE’RE NEVER GOING TO SAY, “THIS
IS HOW YOU DOSE IT.”
WE SAY, “THESE ARE THE
RESOURCES.
THIS IS WHAT WE FIND.
THIS IS HOW IT’S GENERALLY TAKEN
AND CONSUMED.”
THERE’S A VERY FINE LINE THERE.
WE ARE HERE TO HELP PEOPLE.
IT IS A WELLNESS PRODUCT.
IT IS NOT A PRESCRIPTION.
>>Sreenivasan: BESIDES
QUESTIONS ABOUT C.B.D.’S MEDICAL
BENEFITS, THERE ARE ALSO
CONCERNS ABOUT THE ACCURACY OF
PRODUCT LABELING.
IN A 2017 “JOURNAL OF THE
AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION”
STUDY, RESEARCHERS BOUGHT 84
C.B.D. PRODUCTS ONLINE AND FOUND
70% WERE MISLABELED, CONTAINING
DIFFERENT AMOUNTS OF C.B.D. THAN
ADVERTISED.
TACY ALLOWS CUSTOMERS TO SEE LAB
TESTS FOR EACH OF HER PRODUCTS
BY SCANNING WHAT’S KNOWN AS A
“QUICK RESPONSE CODE.”
>>WE HAVE Q.R. CODES THAT EVEN
TAKE YOU BACK TO TEST RESULTS
FOR THE PRODUCT WE’VE GROWN.
>>Sreenivasan: TOBACCO-TURNED-
HEMP FARMERS LIKE RYAN PATTERSON
AND RANDY EDWARDS ARE WELL
POSITIONED FOR THIS NEW
INDUSTRY.
HEMP, LIKE TOBACCO, NEEDS TO DRY
OUT AND CURE BEFORE BEING
CONSUMED.
EDWARDS SAYS HE CAN USE THE SAME
EQUIPMENT FOR HEMP THAT HE’S
USED FOR DECADES.
>>THE BARNS THAT WE’RE USING
FOR TOBACCO NOW– AND WE’VE BEEN
FOR MANY YEARS CURING TOBACCO,
BUT WE’RE GOING TO TRANSITION
THESE BARNS OVER TO DRY HEMP.
>>Sreenivasan: EDWARDS SAYS THE
EXISTING BARNS AND DRYING
EQUIPMENT WILL SAVE HIM HUNDREDS
OF THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS.
AFTER HE DRIES THE HEMP, EDWARDS
SELLS IT TO A COMPANY THAT
EXTRACTS OIL FROM THE PLANT.
>>WE’RE STANDING AT OPEN BOOK
EXTRACTS PROCESSING PLANT THAT’S
UNDER CONSTRUCTION AT THIS
MOMENT.
>>Sreenivasan: CALVIN WHITFIELD
IS THE DIRECTOR OF CULTIVATION
AT OPEN BOOK EXTRACTS, A
WHOLESALE C.B.D. OIL PRODUCER.
THEIR NEW PROCESSING PLANT,
BUILT ON THE GROUNDS OF A FORMER
TOBACCO WAREHOUSE, IS ONE OF THE
BIGGEST IN THE STATE.
WHITFIELD SAYS THE INVESTMENT
WILL PAY OFF.
>>WE ARE PROJECTED TO DO
$20 MILLION WORTH OF BUSINESS
HERE IN OUR STATE.
NATIONALLY, IN ABOUT 2024, WE
COULD BE UPWARDS OF $20 BILLION
IN OUR COUNTRY.
THAT’S A RISK WORTH TAKING, TO
US.
>>Sreenivasan: RANDY EDWARDS
DOESN’T KNOW IF HEMP WILL SOLVE
HIS PROBLEMS.
BECAUSE HEMP IS SO NEW, THERE’S
NO CROP INSURANCE.
THE BEST EDWARDS CAN DO?
>>I MEAN, WE’RE ALREADY TRYING
AND WORKING WITH SWEET POTATOES
AND PRODUCE IN SMALL AMOUNT, AND
COWS AND HAY AND SOYBEANS AND
WHEAT AND CORN, ALL THE BASIC
STUFF.
WE’RE TRYING IT ALL, AND WE GOT
NEXT DOOR RIGHT HERE, WE’RE
GOING TO SOLAR FARMS.
>>Sreenivasan: SO, YOU’RE A
SOLAR FARMER AND A HEMP FARMER?
>>WE’RE TRYING TO BE.
>>Sreenivasan: WHAT HAPPENS IF
THIS EXPERIMENT DOESN’T WORK OUT
FOR YOU?
>>WELL, WE’RE GOING TO LOSE A
LOT OF MONEY.
THAT’S… THAT’S IT.
NO… NO BOTTOM LINE ON THAT.
IT’S GOING TO BE ROUGH.
>>THIS IS PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND,
SATURDAY.
>>Sreenivasan: FOR A LOOK AT
HOW DEMOGRAPHICS IN NORTH
CAROLINA ARE CHANGING AND HOW
THAT MIGHT IMPACT THE 2020
ELECTION, I SPOKE RECENTLY WITH
ADAM HOCHBERG.
HE’S AN INSTRUCTOR AT THE
UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SCHOOL OF MEDIA AND JOURNALISM
AND A CONTRIBUTOR TO PUBLIC
RADIO’S “AMERICAN HOMEFRONT”
PROJECT.
WE SAT DOWN AT AN EMPTY LECTURE
HALL AT U.N.C. CHAPEL HILL.
>>WELL, NORTH CAROLINA IS
GROWING.
THERE ARE A COUPLE CITIES IN
NORTH CAROLINA THAT ARE GROWING
HUGELY.
ONE OF THEM IS THE RALEIGH WAKE
COUNTY AREA, AND THE OTHER IS
THE CHARLOTTE AREA.
THEY’RE BOTH AMONG THE TOP
GROWING METRO AREAS IN THE
COUNTRY.
AND AS PEOPLE ARE MOVING IN,
THOSE AREAS ARE BECOMING, FIRST,
YOUNGER; SECOND, MORE EDUCATED
BECAUSE THESE ARE, IN A LOT OF
CASES, HIGHLY EDUCATED TECH JOBS
THAT PEOPLE ARE COMING HERE TO
FILL.
AND AS THESE AREAS SPRAWL
MAGNIFICENTLY, IT’S BECOMING
MORE SUBURBAN.
SO, WHEN YOU HEAR A LOT OF
ELECTORAL PUNDITS SAYING THAT
THE ELECTION IS GOING TO BE
DETERMINED BY THE SUBURBAN MOM
OR THE SUBURBAN FAMILY, WE HAVE
A LOT OF THOSE SUBURBS SPRINGING
UP, YOU KNOW, SEEMINGLY EVERY
DAY IN NORTH CAROLINA.
>>Sreenivasan: THERE HAVE ALSO
BEEN A LOT OF STORIES IN THE
PAST COUPLE OF YEARS LOOKING AT
NORTH CAROLINA IN UNFAVORABLE
LIGHT.
AND WHEN IT COMES TO WHO HAS
ACCESS TO VOTING, HOW
SIGNIFICANT IS IT IN NORTH
CAROLINA THAT EVERYONE HAS EQUAL
ACCESS TO GO VOTE?
>>AFTER THE 2010 CENSUS, THAT
WAS ALSO THE YEAR WHEN
REPUBLICANS TOOK OVER STATE
LEGISLATURE FOR FIRST TIME IN A
LONG TIME, AND THEY IMPLEMENTED
WHAT IS INDISPUTABLY CALLED
EXTREME GERRYMANDERING, OKAY?
NOW, THE REPUBLICANS WILL POINT
OUT THAT THE DEMOCRATS WERE IN
CHARGE FOR A LONG TIME, AND THEY
GERRYMANDERED, TOO.
AND THEY ABSOLUTELY DID.
WHAT WAS DIFFERENT ABOUT THE
2010 REDISTRICTING, 2011
REDISTRICTING IS, FIRST OF ALL,
THE TECHNOLOGY EXISTED FOR
MICRO-TARGETING OF POPULATIONS.
SO, YOU CAN LOOK AT DISTRICT
LINES.
THERE’S NOW THE DATA ON
INDIVIDUAL VOTERS WHERE YOU CAN
ALMOST KNOW HOW EVERY PERSON IN
EVERY HOUSE VOTES AND…
>>Sreenivasan: SO, YOU CAN
CARVE A DISTRICT AROUND THESE
HOUSES.
>>YOU CAN CARVE A DISTRICT
AROUND THOSE HOUSES.
THERE IS AN AFRICAN AMERICAN
COLLEGE CAMPUS THAT’S SPLIT IN
HALF.
THAT’S A PRETTY OBVIOUS EFFORT
TO SPLIT THE BLACK VOTE SO THAT
AFRICAN AMERICAN VOTERS DON’T
HAVE AS MUCH POWER IN ANY
PARTICULAR CONGRESSIONAL
DISTRICT.
IN THIS LAST ELECTION, 2018, YOU
HAD THE MAJORITY OF VOTERS IN
NORTH CAROLINA WHO VOTED IN A
CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION CASTING
THEIR BALLOTS FOR DEMOCRATS, AND
YET REPUBLICANS WON TEN OF THE
13 CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS.
ONE OF THE LEADERS OF THAT
LEGISLATIVE REDISTRICTING EFFORT
WAS SAYING… WAS ASKED, “WHY
DID YOU DESIGN THESE MAPS SO
THAT REPUBLICANS WON TEN OF THE
13 DISTRICTS?”
HE SAID, “BECAUSE WE COULDN’T
THINK OF A WAY FOR THE
REPUBLICANS TO WIN 11 OF THE 13
DISTRICTS.”
>>Sreenivasan: SO, REALLY, THE
STRATEGY SEEMS TO BE AS MUCH AS
TURN OUT YOUR TEAM TO MAKE SURE
WHOEVER YOU THINK IS ON THE
OTHER TEAM DOESN’T SHOW UP.
>>SURE.
EARLY VOTING IS ANOTHER THING
THAT’S BEEN CONTENTIOUS IN NORTH
CAROLINA.
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF CHURCHES,
MAINLY AFRICAN AMERICAN
CHURCHES, THAT DO VOTER DRIVES
ON SUNDAY, AFTER SUNDAY CHURCH
SERVICE.
THEY CALL IT “SOULS TO THE
POLLS.”
SO, THE LEGISLATURE PASSED A LAW
THAT SAID “NO EARLY VOTING ON
SUNDAY.”
IT HAD THE EFFECT OF REMOVING
THAT VEHICLE TO GET PEOPLE TO
THE POLLS.
NOW… AND WE HAVE TO SAY, ALL
THESE THINGS PUT TOGETHER, DO
THEY MAKE A… A HUGE IMPACT?
PROBABLY NOT.
DO THEY AFFECT SOME VOTES HERE
AND THERE?
YEAH.
AND WITH SOME OF THE MARGINS
THAT WE SEE IN NORTH CAROLINA,
MAYBE THEY COULD MAKE A
DIFFERENCE.
>>Sreenivasan: THAT’S ALL FOR
OUR SPECIAL EDITION OF PBS
NEWSHOUR WEEKEND FROM CHARLOTTE,
NORTH CAROLINA.
I’M HARI SREENIVASAN.
THANKS FOR WATCHING.
HAVE A GOOD NIGHT.

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