PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode August 10, 2019

PBS NewsHour Weekend full episode August 10, 2019


>>Sreenivasan: ON THIS EDITION
FOR SATURDAY, AUGUST 10: THE
LATEST ON THE DEATH OF ACCUSED
SEX TRAFFICKER JEFFREY EPSTEIN;
AND IN OUR SIGNATURE SEGMENT,
THE ASYLUM SEEKERS OFTEN LOST IN
THE IMMIGRATION DEBATE.
NEXT ON PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.
FROM THE TISCH WNET STUDIOS AT
LINCOLN CENTER IN NEW YORK,
HARI SREENIVASAN.
>>Sreenivasan: GOOD EVENING,
AND THANKS FOR JOINING US.
JEFFREY EPSTEIN, THE 66-YEAR-OLD
MULTIMILLIONAIRE CONVICTED SEX
OFFENDER, DIED BY AN APPARENT
SUICIDE THIS MORNING.
FEDERAL AUTHORITIES WERE HOLDING
HIM IN JAIL WITHOUT BAIL ON SEX
TRAFFICKING CHARGES IN NEW YORK.
HE WAS FOUND UNRESPONSIVE, AND A
HOSPITAL PRONOUNCED HIM DEAD
SHORTLY AFTER.
THE BUREAU OF PRISONS SAID HIS
DEATH WAS “AN APPARENT SUICIDE”
AND THE F.B.I. IS INVESTIGATING.
ATTORNEY GENERAL WILLIAM BARR
RELEASED A STATEMENT SAYING HE
WAS “APPALLED” TO LEARN OF
EPSTEIN’S DEATH IN FEDERAL
CUSTODY AND THAT THE JUSTICE
DEPARTMENT’S INSPECTOR GENERAL
IS OPENING AN INVESTIGATION.
HE WAS ARRESTED JULY 6 AT
TETERBORO AIRPORT IN NEW JERSEY
AS HE RETURNED FROM PARIS ON HIS
PRIVATE JET.
EPSTEIN HAD ENTERED A PLEA OF
NOT GUILTY.
HE FACED UP TO 45 YEARS IN
PRISON IF CONVICTED.
IN 2008, HE AGREED TO PLEAD
GUILTY TO SOLICITING A MINOR FOR
PROSTITUTION IN A FLORIDA CASE.
THAT DEAL ALLOWED HIM TO AVOID
MORE SERIOUS FEDERAL CHARGES.
FEDERAL PROSECUTORS IN NEW YORK
REOPENED THE CASE AFTER THE
“MIAMI HERALD” PUBLISHED AN
INVESTIGATIVE SERIES OF REPORTS
ON THE PLEA DEAL.
TWO WEEKS AGO, OFFICIALS MOVED
EPSTEIN TO A SUICIDE-WATCH UNIT
AFTER HE WAS FOUND UNCONSCIOUS
IN HIS CELL WITH MARKS ON HIS
NECK.
TODAY, OFFICIALS SAID THAT
EPSTEIN WAS BEING HELD IN A
SPECIAL UNIT WITH EXTRA
SECURITY.
WE WILL HAVE MORE ON THIS STORY
COMING UP AFTER OUR NEWS
SUMMARY.
IT HAS BEEN ONE WEEK SINCE 31
PEOPLE DIED AND MORE THAN 50
WERE WOUNDED IN TWO MASS
SHOOTINGS IN EL PASO, TEXAS, AND
DAYTON, OHIO.
OUTSIDE DAYTON TODAY, A FUNERAL
SERVICE WAS HELD FOR 57-YEAR-OLD
DERRICK FUDGE, ONE OF THE NINE
PEOPLE KILLED.
FIVE OTHER FUNERAL SERVICES WERE
ALSO HELD TODAY.
IN EL PASO, A FUNERAL MASS WAS
HELD FOR 15-YEAR-OLD JAVIER
RODRIGUEZ.
>>NEVER FORGET!
>>Sreenivasan: AND THE NATION’S
OLDEST HISPANIC CIVIL RIGHTS
ORGANIZATION, THE LEAGUE OF
UNITED LATIN AMERICAN CITIZENS–
ALSO KNOWN AS LULAC– ORGANIZED
A MARCH OF MORE THAN 100 PEOPLE
THROUGH DOWNTOWN EL PASO.
THEY ALSO CHANTED “GUN REFORM
NOW,” AND, IN SPANISH, “HERE WE
ARE, AND WE ARE NOT LEAVING.”
THE SOUTH KOREAN MILITARY SAID
TODAY THAT NORTH KOREA FIRED
WHAT THEY BELIEVE TO BE TWO
SHORT-RANGE BALLISTIC MISSILES
INTO THE SEA.
TODAY’S LAUNCHES WERE THE FIFTH
IN LESS THAN THREE WEEKS.
THE U.S. AND SOUTH KOREA ARE
CURRENTLY CONDUCTING JOINT
MILITARY EXERCISES WHICH NORTH
KOREA CALLS “WAR GAMES.”
IN TWEETS THIS MORNING,
PRESIDENT TRUMP SAID THAT IN A
RECENT LETTER FROM NORTH KOREA,
LEADER KIM JONG UN OFFERED “A
SMALL APOLOGY FOR TESTING THE
SHORT-RANGE MISSILES.”
THE PRESIDENT SAID NORTH KOREA
PROMISED TO STOP THE LAUNCHES
WHEN THE JOINT MILITARY
EXERCISES END.
THE U.S. AND SOUTH KOREA HAVE
SCALED DOWN COMBINED DRILLS
SINCE THE FIRST SUMMIT BETWEEN
PRESIDENT TRUMP AND KIM JONG UN
IN 2018.
POLICE IN HONG KONG FIRED TEAR
GAS AND SCUFFLED WITH PROTESTERS
TODAY AS VIOLENT DEMONSTRATIONS
CONTINUED FOR A TENTH WEEKEND.
TODAY’S PROTESTS WERE AT A
COMMUTER RAIL STATION AND A
POLICE STATION ON HONG KONG
HARBOR.
AUTHORITIES DID NOT ISSUE
PERMITS FOR THE DEMONSTRATIONS,
AND POLICE USED TEAR GAS
REPEATEDLY.
THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE DRESSED IN
BLACK ALSO GATHERED FOR A SECOND
DAY TO HOLD A SIT-IN AT HONG
KONG’S INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT.
BEIJING HAS LABELED THE PRO-
DEMOCRACY PROTESTERS AS VIOLENT
RADICALS WHO HAVE BEEN
INFLUENCED BY ANTI-CHINA FOREIGN
FORCES.
PROTESTERS SAY THEY WILL
CONTINUE TO DEMONSTRATE AGAIN
TOMORROW.
TYPHOON LEKIMA MADE LANDFALL IN
CHINA TODAY, KILLING AT LEAST 22
PEOPLE AND FORCING MILLIONS MORE
FROM THEIR HOMES.
OFFICIALS SAID THE STORM
TRIGGERED A LANDSLIDE THAT
KILLED MANY OF THE VICTIMS.
EMERGENCY CREWS RESCUED PEOPLE
FROM FLOODS AND SEARCHED FOR
OTHERS TRAPPED IN DAMAGED
BUILDINGS.
THE TYPHOON, WITH WINDS MORE
THAN 116 MILES PER HOUR, ALSO
CAUSED WIDESPREAD POWER OUTAGES
AND FORCED THE CANCELLATION OF
MORE THAN 1,000 FLIGHTS.
>>Sreenivasan: JOINING ME NOW
FOR MORE ON JEFFREY EPSTEIN’S
APPARENT SUICIDE IS “MIAMI
HERALD” INVESTIGATIVE REPORTER
JULIE BROWN.
JULIE, YOU AND YOUR TEAM’S
REPORTING REALLY IS CREDITED
WITH WHAT WE KNOW NOW IS THE
LAST PHASE OF JEFFREY EPSTEIN’S
LIFE.
GIVEN HOW MUCH YOU KNOW ABOUT
HIM, HOW MUCH YOU STUDIED HIM,
HOW HE WAS ABLE TO NEGOTIATE AND
PLEA DOWN SO MANY THINGS, WERE
YOU SURPRISED THAT HE APPARENTLY
DIED BY SUICIDE TODAY?
>>I THINK EVERYBODY WAS PRETTY
SURPRISED.
I THINK THAT WE ALL THOUGHT THAT
BECAUSE HE HAD ALLEGEDLY TRIED
THIS BEFORE, THAT HE WAS
PROBABLY BEING WATCHED VERY
CAREFULLY.
SO, I THINK EVERYBODY WAS PRETTY
STUNNED WHEN THIS HAPPENED.
>>Sreenivasan: SO, THIS COMES A
DAY AFTER THIS MASSIVE DOCUMENT
CACHE WAS RELEASED.
FOR PEOPLE WHO HAVEN’T BEEN
FOLLOWING THIS CLOSELY, WHAT’S
IN THERE?
>>THESE WERE THOUSANDS OF
DOCUMENTS THAT THE “MIAMI
HERALD” SUED IN COURT FOR.
THIS WAS A DEFAMATION CASE
INVOLVING GHISLAINE MAXWELL, WHO
ALLEGEDLY HELPED HIM WITH THIS
SEX-TRAFFICKING OPERATION.
SHE ACTED AS A SORT OF MADAM,
ONE OF THE PEOPLE THAT HELPED
ORCHESTRATE AND LURED SOME OF
THESE WOMEN TO HIS VARIOUS HOMES
IN NEW YORK AND PALM BEACH.
AND AS PART OF THIS LAWSUIT,
WHICH WAS SETTLED IN 2017, THERE
WAS A LOT OF… I HAD GOTTEN A
TIP THAT THERE WERE A LOT OF
INFORMATION IN THIS CASE THAT
SORT OF PROVIDED EVIDENCE AND
POINTED FINGERS AT VERY
IMPORTANT PEOPLE, WEALTHY
PEOPLE, POLITICALLY CONNECTED
PEOPLE, WHO HAD BEEN SOMEHOW ON
THE PERIPHERY OF THIS.
SO, WE DECIDED THAT SINCE MOST
OF THE DOCUMENTS IN THE CASE
WERE SEALED, THAT WE WOULD GO TO
COURT AND ASK THE COURT TO
UNSEAL THESE DOCUMENTS.
>>Sreenivasan: SO, WAS JEFFREY
EPSTEIN PROVIDING YOUNG WOMEN TO
THESE PEOPLE SO THAT HE COULD
GAIN LEVERAGE ON THEM?
>>WELL, THAT’S WHAT ONE OF THE
VICTIMS SAYS.
AND SHE WAS IN HIS CIRCLE OF…
FOR A LONG TIME, FOR WELL OVER
TWO YEARS.
SO, THIS PARTICULAR VICTIM,
VIRGINIA GIUFFRE, WAS PART OF
HIS CIRCLE… CLOSEST CIRCLE OF
PEOPLE RIGHT AROUND THE TIME
THAT HE WAS OPERATING A SEX
PYRAMID SCHEME INVOLVING
UNDERAGE GIRLS IN PALM BEACH.
>>Sreenivasan: ARE ALL OF THE
DOCUMENTS PUBLIC NOW?
ARE THERE MORE ON THE WAY WHERE
WE’RE GOING TO LEARN MORE ABOUT
WHAT WAS GOING ON?
>>NO, THIS IS ONLY A FRACTION
OF THE DOCUMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN
RELEASED IN THAT CASE, AND WE
EXPECT THAT THERE’S… WE
UNDERSTAND THAT THERE’S
THOUSANDS MORE THAT ARE STILL
SEALED.
THERE’S GOING TO BE A HEARING ON
THURSDAY IN NEW YORK WHERE A
JUDGE IS GOING TO LOOK AT WHAT’S
LEFT AND COME UP WITH SOME KIND
OF A PLAN TO UNSEAL THEM.
THESE… THIS WAS A PRELIMINARY
GROUP OF DOCUMENTS THAT WERE
CONNECTED TO THE MOTION FOR
SUMMARY JUDGMENT IN THE CASE.
THEY INCLUDE A LOT OF EXHIBITS.
IT WAS PRETTY… YOU KNOW, IT
WAS A HUGE TROVE OF INFORMATION,
BUT THERE’S MORE THAT’S PROBABLY
GOING TO BE RELEASED.
>>Sreenivasan: AND OF WHAT
YOU’VE READ, WAS IT DISTURBING?
>>THERE WERE SOME, YOU KNOW,
AWFUL THINGS, YOU KNOW.
IT WAS DIFFICULT TO READ IN
PLACES.
YOU KNOW, WHEN YOU HAVE A
15-YEAR-OLD GIRL JUST WEEPING IN
ONE OF THE DOCUMENTS, A HOUSEMAN
DESCRIBED HOW HE RAN ACROSS THIS
15-YEAR-OLD GIRL WHO HAD JUST
COME BACK FROM EPSTEIN’S ISLAND,
AND SHE WAS JUST COMPLETELY
TRAUMATIZED BY WHAT HAD HAPPENED
TO HER THERE.
AND, YOU KNOW, IT’S DIFFICULT TO
READ.
I MEAN, I’M A PARENT AND, YOU
KNOW, YOU THINK OF YOUR OWN
CHILDREN SOMETIMES WHEN THINGS
LIKE THIS HAPPEN, AND IT’S
INEVITABLE.
SO, IT WAS PRETTY DISTURBING,
SOME OF THE DETAILS.
>>Sreenivasan: ALL RIGHT, JULIE
BROWN, THANKS TO YOU AND YOUR
TEAM AT THE “MIAMI HERALD.”
THANKS SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.
>>THANK YOU.
>>Sreenivasan: FOR THE LATEST
ON EPSTEIN’S DEATH AND TO ACCESS
RESOURCES ON SUICIDE PREVENTION
AND CRISIS RESPONSE, VISIT:
www.pbs.org/newshour.
>>Sreenivasan: OFFICIALS ARE
CALLING THE IMMIGRATION AND
CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT RAID OF
SEVERAL MISSISSIPPI FOOD
PROCESSING PLANTS THIS WEEK ONE
OF THE LARGEST ENFORCEMENT ACTS
IN RECENT U.S. HISTORY.
NATIONALLY, RAIDS LIKE THIS HAVE
DETAINED AND DEPORTED THOUSANDS
OF SUSPECTED UNDOCUMENTED
IMMIGRANTS, AND ICE SAYS THEY
ARE ALSO STEPPING UP CRIMINAL
INVESTIGATIONS AGAINST THE
INDIVIDUALS AND COMPANIES THAT
EMPLOY THEM.
ADOLFO FLORES IS NATIONAL
SECURITY CORRESPONDENT FOR
IMMIGRATION AT BUZZFEED NEWS.
HE JOINS ME NOW FROM McALLEN,
TEXAS.
TELL ME A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THE
DISPARITY HERE.
WE SAW THE RAIDS.
WE SAW THE PEOPLE BEING
HANDCUFFED AND MARCHED AWAY.
THOSE WERE MOSTLY THE WORKERS.
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE EMPLOYERS?
>>SO FAR, NOTHING HAS HAPPENED
TO THE EMPLOYERS, WHICH IS
SOMETHING THAT IMMIGRANT
ADVOCATES HAVE BEEN POINTING OUT
IS, 680 PEOPLE WERE DETAINED,
HUNDREDS OF THEM ARE STILL IN
ICE CUSTODY, AND THE BOSSES OR
THE EMPLOYERS WHO HIRED THEM
HAVEN’T, YOU KNOW, BEEN DETAINED
OR REALLY FACED ANY CONSEQUENCES
YET.
>>Sreenivasan: AND WHY IS THAT?
>>THE LAW… THE WAY THE LAW IS
AROUND THIS WAS WRITTEN IS,
EMPLOYERS AREN’T BREAKING THE
LAW BYHIRINGUNDOCUMENTED
WORKERS.
BUT WHAT HAPPENS IS, THEY… IF
THEY ARE FOUND TO BE IN
VIOLATION OF THE LAW, IT’S
BECAUSE THEYKNOWINGLYHIRED
UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS.
IT’S ANNOYINGLY THAT TOUGH TO
PROVE FOR PROSECUTORS, AND SO
THAT TAKES MORE TIME.
AND NOT ONLY MORE TIME, IT MAKES
IT HARDER FOR THE PROSECUTOR.
SO, SOME PEOPLE WOULD, YOU KNOW,
SAY THAT THE IMMIGRANTS ARE THE
LOW-HANGING FRUIT WHEREAS THE
EMPLOYERS ARE TOUGHER TO GET.
AND MORE OFTEN THAN NOT, THEY
DON’T REALLY FACE ANY CRIMINAL
CHARGE.
FINES, IF ANYTHING.
>>Sreenivasan: BUT WHAT ARE THE
ADVANTAGES THAT AN EMPLOYER HAS
TO HIRE UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS?
>>I MEAN, JUST THAT THEY’RE…
THEY ARE, YOU KNOW, THEY’RE
CHEAPER.
YOU DON’T HAVE TO PAY THEM AS
MUCH.
BUT THERE’S ALSO THE FACT THAT
THEY MAY BE LESS INCLINED TO
COMPLAIN.
IF THEIR, YOU KNOW, THEIR WAGES
ARE BEING TAKEN AWAY, AN
UNDOCUMENTED WORKER IS NOT GOING
TO FEEL AS EMPOWERED AS SOMEONE
WHO HAS PAPERS TO GO AND FILE A
COMPLAINT.
AND SO, YOU KNOW, CHEAP… THE
CHEAPER COSTS, AND THEN THE
OTHER SIDE OF THAT IS WHAT MAKES
THEM, YOU KNOW, MORE APPEALING
TO EMPLOYERS.
>>Sreenivasan: YEAH, SO, THERE
HAVE BEEN DATABASES TO TRY TO
KEEP TRACK OF THIS GAP BETWEEN
HOW MANY EMPLOYEES OR, YOU KNOW,
UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS ARE…
ARE ARRESTED VERSUS EMPLOYERS.
WHEN YOU GO BACK AND LOOK BACK
AND FORTH– AND NOT JUST THAT
THIS RAID– WHAT DO WE FIND?
>>WHAT HAPPENS IS, A LOT OF
THE EMPLOYEES, YOU KNOW, THEY’LL
USE DOCUMENTS THAT AREN’T
THEIRS, YOU KNOW, BUT THEY’RE
STILL VALID, YOU KNOW, NUMBERS.
AND SO, THE EMPLOYER WILL RUN
THEM THROUGH E-VERIFY, AND
THEY’LL SAY, “YOU KNOW, WE DID
EVERYTHING THAT WE POSSIBLY
COULD TO VERIFY THAT THESE
EMPLOYEES WERE HERE AND WERE
ABLE TO LEGALLY WORK.”
SO, IT’S HARD TO PROVE THAT.
AND IT’S ALSO EASY FOR PEOPLE TO
GET INTO THE SYSTEM AND NOT
RAISE ANY RED FLAGS.
>>Sreenivasan: IN THE PAST
COUPLE OF YEARS, HOW MANY
EMPLOYERS DO YOU THINK HAVE BEEN
EITHER CONVICTED OR, WELL,
ARRESTED OR IN ANY WAY KIND OF
BROUGHT TO JUSTICE ABOUT THIS?
>>THERE WAS AN ANALYSIS
DONE BY TRACK AT SYRACUSE
UNIVERSITY THAT LOOKED AT THE
NUMBER OF PROSECUTIONS AGAINST
EMPLOYERS, AND THEY FOUND THAT
FROM APRIL OF 2018 TO MARCH OF
2019, ONLY 11 INDIVIDUALS–NOT
COMPANIES– WERE PROSECUTED FOR
HIRING UNDOCUMENTED WORKERS.
AT THE SAME TIME, DURING THAT
PERIOD, MORE THAN 120,000
UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS WERE
CHARGED FOR ILLEGAL ENTRY OR
ILLEGAL REENTRY.
SO, IT’S PRETTY STARK WHEN YOU
LOOK AT THOSE NUMBERS.
>>Sreenivasan: ALL RIGHT,
ADOLFO FLORES FROM BUZZFEED
NEWS, JOINING US VIA SKYPE FROM
McALLEN, TEXAS, TONIGHT.
THANKS SO MUCH.
>>THANK YOU.
>>Sreenivasan: THERE ARE
CURRENTLY MORE THAN 800,000
MIGRANTS APPLYING FOR ASYLUM IN
THE U.S., AND MOST OF THE ISSUES
SURROUNDING THEM HAVE BEEN WELL-
DOCUMENTED.
BUT WHILE MUCH ATTENTION HAS
BEEN PAID TO THE SEPARATION AT
THE BORDER OF TYPICAL FAMILIES,
SOME MIGRANT RIGHTS ADVOCATES
ARE CALLING ATTENTION TO THE
PLIGHT OF A GROUP THEY SAY GETS
LOST IN THE IMMIGRATION DEBATE.
NEWSHOUR WEEKEND’S IVETTE
FELICIANO HAS MORE.
(SINGING)
>>Reporter: THIS PAST MAY,
ABOUT 200 PEOPLE FROM ACROSS THE
UNITED STATES AND PUERTO RICO
GATHERED IN PHILADELPHIA FOR A
CONFERENCE DEDICATED TO MIGRANT
RIGHTS.
>>BUT GUESS WHAT?
THE IMMIGRANT RIGHTS FIGHT ISN’T
PUSHING US TO THE EDGE.
>>Reporter: THE SENTIMENTS THEY
EXPRESSED WERE A FAMILIAR PART
OF AMERICA’S IMMIGRATION DEBATE,
BUT THE PEOPLE THEY WERE TALKING
ABOUT WERE LESS SO.
>>THE QUEER AND TRANS FOLKS ARE
BEING IMPACTED IN MANY WAYS AND
IN DIFFERENT WAYS THAN, SAY,
STRAIGHT UNDOCUMENTED
IMMIGRANTS.
>>Reporter: JORGE GUTIERREZ IS
THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF
FAMILIA: TRANS QUEER LIBERATION
MOVEMENT, OR T.Q.L.M., A
VOLUNTEER-LED GROUP THAT
ADVOCATES FOR LATINX IMMIGRANTS
WHO IDENTIFY AS L.G.B.T.Q.
ACCORDING TO THE U.C.L.A. SCHOOL
OF LAW’S WILLIAMS INSTITUTE,
THERE ARE AT LEAST 267,000
UNDOCUMENTED L.G.B.T.Q
IMMIGRANTS LIVING IN THE U.S.
GUTIERREZ SAYS FAMILIA:
T.Q.L.M.’S GOAL IS TO PUT A
NATIONAL SPOTLIGHT ON THEIR
UNIQUE CIRCUMSTANCES, BOTH IN
THE U.S. AND BACK IN THEIR HOME
COUNTRIES.
>>THEY’RE FACING
DISCRIMINATION, RACISM, YOU
KNOW, TRANSPHOBIA, HOMOPHOBIA IN
THEIR OWN COMMUNITIES, IN THEIR
OWN FAMILIES.
THEN, THEY FIND THEMSELVES BEING
DETAINED FOR MONTHS AND MONTHS,
TRYING TO GET ASYLUM, TRYING TO
GET REFUGE.
>>Reporter: TRANS MIGRANTS,
SAYS GUTIERREZ, FACE A SPECIFIC
SET OF OBSTACLES.
TAKE THE STORY OF 28-YEAR-OLD
VICTORIA CASTRO, A TRANS MIGRANT
FROM EL SALVADOR.
SHE SAYS SHE APPLIED FOR ASYLUM
IN 2017 AFTER BEING THE TARGET
OF VIOLENCE BACK HOME.
>>(translated): WE ARE BEING
PURSUED AND ATTACKED.
THAT’S WHAT MOTIVATES TRANS
WOMEN TO IMMIGRATE INTO THIS
COUNTRY AND TO SEEK WHATEVER
SAFETY WE CAN.
>>Reporter: CASTRO USED TO RUN
WORKSHOPS ON TRANS HEALTH AND
SAFETY PRACTICES IN EL SALVADOR.
SHE SAYS ONE NIGHT WHILE DOING
OUTREACH WITH SEX WORKERS IN THE
COUNTRY’S CAPITAL, SAN SALVADOR,
SHE WAS BEATEN AND SHOT IN THE
SHOULDER BY A GROUP OF GANG
MEMBERS.
>>(translated): IT’S NOT
JUST THE BLOWS THEY GAVE ME AND
THE GUNSHOT, IT’S THE OFFENSIVE
WORDS THEY USED WHEN THEY WERE
HITTING ME.
THE AWFUL LANGUAGE THAT PEOPLE
USE WHEN THEY ATTACK A TRANS
PERSON.
AND THEN, TO THINK THAT YOU HAVE
TO GO BACK OUT ONTO THE STREETS
WHERE IT HAPPENED?
IT WAS SO DIFFICULT.
>>Reporter: CASTRO WENT TO
SALVADORAN AUTHORITIES AND
IDENTIFIED THE MEN WHO ATTACKED
HER.
>>(translated): I WANTED
JUSTICE, WHICH I THOUGHT WOULD
BE POSSIBLE BECAUSE I RECOGNIZED
THE MEN THAT DID THIS TO ME, BUT
THAT WAS NOT THE OUTCOME.
>>Reporter: POLICE DETAINED BUT
EVENTUALLY RELEASED THE MEN WITH
NO CHARGES.
CASTRO SAID THEY KNEW SHE WAS
THE ONE WHO HAD COMPLAINED, SO
THEY BEGAN TO FOLLOW HER AND
THREATEN HER WITH DEATH.
>>(translated): I SAID TO
MYSELF, IF I STAY HERE IN EL
SALVADOR, THEY WILL KILL ME.
THAT’S WHEN I DECIDED TO TAKE
THE LONG TRIP FROM EL SALVADOR
TO THE U.S.
>>Reporter: CASTRO WALKED AND
HITCHHIKED FOR FIVE MONTHS.
>>(translated): I SUFFERED
THROUGH WHAT MOST IMMIGRANTS
SUFFER ON THE JOURNEY TO THIS
COUNTRY IN SEARCH OF THE
AMERICAN DREAM AND STABILITY.
THAT IS, GOING HUNGRY, SLEEPING
ON THE STREETS, TRYING TO STAY
SAFE.
YOU’RE NAVIGATING THIS HUGE
COUNTRY OF MEXICO, AND YOU DON’T
KNOW ANYONE, NO ONE TO HELP YOU
OR SUPPORT YOU.
IT WAS A TERRIFYING EXPERIENCE.
>>Reporter: CASTRO SAYS SHE WAS
SEXUALLY ASSAULTED TWICE ON HER
JOURNEY.
SHE FINALLY CROSSED INTO THE
U.S. AT EL PASO, TEXAS, ON
JANUARY 1, 2017, AND SHORTLY
AFTER WAS TAKEN TO A DETENTION
CENTER.
>>(translated): THAT WAS THE
START OF ANOTHER HORRIBLE
ORDEAL, WHICH WAS GOING INTO ICE
DETENTION.
IT’S DIFFICULT WHEN YOU SHOW UP
AND YOUR APPEARANCE IS
COMPLETELY FEMININE BUT YOUR
DOCUMENT SAYS YOU ARE A MAN.
THEY BROUGHT ME INTO THE FAMOUS
“ICE-BOXES” AS THEY CALL THEM,
AND THEY WERE FULL OF MEN.
AND THEY KNEW THAT, BECAUSE I
WAS THERE, THAT I WAS TRANS.
THEY STARTED SCREAMING AT ME,
AND I BEGAN TO PANIC.
BUT THE OFFICER TOLD ME,
UNFORTUNATELY, THAT IS WHERE I
HAD TO GO BECAUSE THEY HAD NO
OTHER PLACE TO PUT ME.
BUT I INSISTED THAT I DIDN’T
FEEL SAFE, SO THEY HANDCUFFED ME
TO A POLE OUTSIDE THE ICE-BOX
FOR ABOUT SIX HOURS.
>>Reporter: TWO WEEKS PASSED
BEFORE SHE WAS SENT TO A SPECIAL
TRANS UNIT THAT IMMIGRATION AND
CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT OPERATED AT
THE TIME IN SANTA ANA,
CALIFORNIA.
IN THE MEANTIME, SHE SAYS SHE
WAS TRANSFERRED TO FIVE OTHER
DETENTION CENTERS, WHERE SHE WAS
FORCED TO SHOWER IN FRONT OF MEN
AND STRIP-SEARCHED BY MALE
OFFICERS.
>>(translated): I WAS
SURROUNDED BY MEN AT POINTS AND
FELT CONSTANTLY UNDER THREAT.
I COULD BARELY SLEEP BECAUSE I
WAS SO WORRIED.
>>Reporter: JORGE GUTIERREZ OF
FAMILIA SAYS CASTRO’S STORY IS
NOT UNIQUE AND THAT THE
EXPERIENCE OF BEING IN DETENTION
OFTEN RE-TRAUMATIZES TRANS
MIGRANTS ALREADY FLEEING
VIOLENCE BACK HOME.
>>THESE ARE FOLKS THAT ARE
ALREADY BEING CRIMINALIZED, ARE
ALREADY BEING TARGETED JUST BY
THE WAY THEY LOOK, THEIR
PRESENTATION, THEIR GENDER
IDENTITY, THEIR SEXUAL
ORIENTATION.
AND SO, WE HAVE FOLKS, YOU KNOW,
THAT ARE, YOU KNOW, IN OUR BASE
OF MEMBERS WHO’S LIKE… THAT
WERE DETAINED YEARS AGO AND ARE
STILL DEALING WITH THE TRAUMA.
>>Reporter: SO FAR THIS YEAR,
ICE HOUSED 300 SELF-IDENTIFIED
TRANSGENDER DETAINEES IN ITS
CUSTODY AMONG 32 FACILITIES,
ACCORDING TO THE AGENCY.
THERE IS ONLY ONE DETENTION
CENTER WITH A SPECIAL UNIT
DEDICATED TO TRANS MIGRANTS,
WHICH CAN HOLD UP TO 60 PEOPLE.
IN 2015, THE U.S. GOVERNMENT
ANNOUNCED A NEW SET OF
GUIDELINES INTENDED TO IMPROVE
DETENTION CONDITIONS FOR TRANS
MIGRANTS, MAKING IT A PRIORITY
TO PLACE THEM IN UNITS THAT
EXCLUSIVELY HOUSE TRANS WOMEN OR
MEN, AND ENSURING THAT TRANS
DETAINEES ON HORMONE THERAPY
RECEIVE CONTINUED TREATMENT.
THERE’S ALSO GUIDANCE ON THE
APPROPRIATE LANGUAGE THAT SHOULD
BE USED DURING INTAKE AND
SUBSEQUENT INTERVIEWS.
BUT A 2016 STUDY BY HUMAN RIGHTS
WATCH FOUND THERE IS LITTLE
OVERSIGHT TO ENSURE THE
GUIDELINES ARE FOLLOWED.
IT ALSO SHOWED THAT MORE THAN
HALF OF TRANSGENDER WOMEN
INTERVIEWED WERE HELD IN MEN’S
FACILITIES AT SOME POINT IN
THEIR DETENTION.
AND IT LISTED TRANS WOMEN AND
MEN AS AMONG THOSE WHO ARE
OFTEN PLACED IN SOLITARY
CONFINEMENT FOR WEEKS OR MONTHS
AT A TIME, AS AN ALLEGED FORM OF
PROTECTION THAT IS OFTEN IMPOSED
AGAINST THEIR WISHES.
>>WE HAVE A CLIENT RIGHT NOW
THAT’S BEEN IN SOLITARY
CONFINEMENT FOR 17 MONTHS.
>>Reporter: LYNLY EGYES IS
LEGAL DIRECTOR AT THE
TRANSGENDER LAW CENTER, THE
LARGEST TRANS-LED ORGANIZATION
DOING POLICY AND LEGAL
REPRESENTATION WORK IN THE U.S.
THEY’VE PARTNERED WITH FAMILIA:
T.Q.L.M. IN HOLDING PRESS
CONFERENCES AND PROTESTS
REGARDING THE DEATHS OF TWO
TRANS WOMEN WHO DIED AFTER BEING
DETAINED BY ICE WITHIN THE LAST
YEAR, AND OTHERS WHO HAVE
ATTEMPTED SUICIDE WHILE IN
SOLITARY CONFINEMENT.
>>WE SEE THIS OVER AND OVER
AGAIN, WHETHER IT’S REPORTS OF
SEXUAL AND PHYSICAL VIOLENCE,
WHETHER IT’S ACTUAL DEATHS IN
DETENTION, OR WHETHER IT’S JUST
ACCESS TO MEDICAL CARE.
TRANS PEOPLE CANNOT BE SAFELY
HOUSED IN DETENTION CENTERS.
>>Reporter: IN AN EMAIL TO PBS
NEWSHOUR WEEKEND, ICE SAID
DECISIONS REGARDING THE
LOCATIONS WHERE INDIVIDUALS WILL
BE DETAINED ARE MADE ON A CASE-
BY-CASE BASIS AND THAT IT “IS
COMMITTED TO UPHOLDING AN
IMMIGRATION DETENTION SYSTEM
THAT PRIORITIZES THE HEALTH,
SAFETY, AND WELFARE OF ALL THOSE
IN OUR CARE AND CUSTODY.”
STILL, THE T.L.C. WANTS ICE TO
END ALL DETENTION OF TRANS
MIGRANTS, AND FOR THE DEPARTMENT
OF HOMELAND SECURITY TO USE A
SPECTRUM OF ALTERNATIVES AT ITS
DISPOSAL IN ORDER TO ENSURE
INDIVIDUALS MAKE THEIR COURT
DATES.
THE ORGANIZATION ALSO CONNECTS
QUEER AND TRANS MIGRANTS WITH
PRO-BONO LAWYERS WHO UNDERSTAND
THE NUANCES OF REPRESENTING THEM
IN IMMIGRATION PROCEEDINGS, LIKE
LOOKING AT IMMIGRATION OPTIONS
OUTSIDE OF ASYLUM, SUCH AS VISAS
THAT EXIST FOR IMMIGRANT VICTIMS
OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING.
>>AND THAT’S A REALLY BIG DEAL
BECAUSE HUMAN TRAFFICKING IS
RAMPANT IN THE TRANS COMMUNITY.
CRIMINALIZATION IS RAMPANT IN
THE TRANS COMMUNITY.
AND WE NEED TO BE ADDRESSING
THESE OTHER ISSUES, ESPECIALLY
WHEN WE’RE TRYING TO HELP PEOPLE
GET IMMIGRATION STATUS.
>>Reporter: AFTER THREE AND A
HALF MONTHS IN DETENTION,
VICTORIA CASTRO WAS RELEASED AND
IS CURRENTLY WAITING FOR A
DECISION ON HER ASYLUM CASE.
IN THE MEANTIME, SHE’S SHARING
HER STORY AT EVENTS COORDINATED
BY FAMILIA: T.Q.L.M.
IN FEBRUARY, A TRANS WOMAN WAS
MURDERED IN EL SALVADOR SHORTLY
AFTER SHE WAS DENIED ASYLUM IN
THE U.S. AND DEPORTED BACK.
CASTRO WORRIES IF SHE IS
DEPORTED, THE SAME MIGHT HAPPEN
TO HER.
>>(translated): IF I’M NOT
APPROVED FOR ASYLUM, THE DANGER
IS THAT I’M SENT BACK TO MY
COUNTRY AND AM ASSASSINATED
BECAUSE THEY’VE ALREADY TRIED TO
ASSASSINATE ME.
THE POLICE REPORTS DIDNOTHELP.
I KNOW THAT IF I’M SENT BACK,
THEY’LL KILL ME.
IT COULD HAPPEN TO ME, AND IT
COULD HAPPEN TO OTHERS LIKE ME
WHO’VE COME HERE TO ESCAPE
VIOLENCE.
IF THEY SEND US BACK TO OUR
COUNTRIES, THEY’RE SENDING US TO
OUR DEATHS.
>>THIS IS PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND,
SATURDAY.
>>Sreenivasan: OFF THE COAST OF
JORDAN, IN THE GULF OF AQABA,
THERE’S AN UNDERWATER MILITARY
MUSEUM.
NOT ONLY IS IT DRAWING TOURISTS
WHO WANT TO DIVE TO SEE THE
TANKS, HELICOPTERS AND EVEN AN
AIRPLANE ALREADY SUBMERGED, IT’S
ALSO DESIGNED TO HELP CORAL
REEFS FORM AND GROW.
MEGAN THOMPSON HAS THE STORY.
>>Reporter: AFTER SURVEYING THE
SEABED TO BE SURE THE PLACEMENT
OF MILITARY EQUIPMENT WOULD NOT
HARM NATURAL MARINE LIFE,
JORDANIAN OFFICIALS PLACED 19
MILITARY VEHICLES AND MACHINES
IN THE WATERS NEAR THE CITY OF
AQABA.
>>(translated): PLACING THESE
MILITARY VEHICLES IN THIS
LOCATION WILL ALLOW CORAL
REEFS– CORALS AS WELL AS MARINE
LIFE, INCLUDING FISH– TO FIND A
SAFE SANCTUARY ENABLING THEM TO
LIVE AND PROCREATE IN.
ALSO, CORALS WILL GROW ON THESE
MILITARY PIECES.
WE PREDICT THAT IN ABOUT A YEAR
OR SO, WE WILL SEE A BEAUTIFUL
SITE.
>>Reporter: THE NEW UNDERWATER
MUSEUM MAY ALSO TAKE PRESSURE
OFF OTHER POPULAR CORAL REEFS
WHERE DIVERS CAN DAMAGE THE
FRAGILE ECOSYSTEMS.
>>(translated): THIS IS A
GREAT INITIATIVE.
IT WILL ATTRACT MORE TOURISTS TO
THE AREA.
WE CURRENTLY HAVE 23 DIVING
SITES, INCLUDING THE PLANE THEY
SUBMERGED AROUND A YEAR AND A
HALF AGO.
AND THIS IS A NEW LOCATION.
IT WILL BRING US MORE WORK FOR
AQABA AND FOR DIVERS.
>>Reporter: EXCEPT FOR ITS 16
MILES OF COASTLINE ALONG THE
GULF OF AQABA, JORDAN IS A
LANDLOCKED COUNTRY.
IT MAKES THE WATERS HERE ONE OF
THE REGION’S MOST POPULAR
TOURIST DESTINATIONS, AND LOCAL
RESIDENTS SAY THEY’RE EXCITED TO
JOIN THE VISITORS IN THE NEW
UNDERWATER MUSEUM.
>>(translated): AS SOON AS
THEY HEAR ABOUT THIS, THEY ARE
GOING TO GRAB THEIR MASKS AND
COME TO SEE THE BEAUTIFUL VIEWS.
NOW, AFTER A SHORT PERIOD OF
TIME, THIS WILL BE FILLED WITH
COLORFUL FISH.
THERE’S A TANK OUT THERE THAT
LOOKS BEAUTIFUL.
WE OFTEN GO TO SEE IT.
ALSO, THERE IS A HELICOPTER
THAT THEY LOWERED.
IT LOOKS GREAT.
IT LOOKS LIKE A MILITARY PLANE.
MY DAD, MY SISTERS AND I ARE
GOING TO GO IN AND WATCH IT.
>>Sreenivasan: JOIN US AGAIN
TOMORROW.
WE’LL HAVE AN INTERVIEW WITH
MUSICIAN CARLOS SANTANA AS HE
REFLECTS ON HIS LEGENDARY
PERFORMANCE AT WOODSTOCK 50
YEARS LATER.

THAT’S ALL FOR THIS EDITION OF
PBS NEWSHOUR WEEKEND.
I’M HARI SREENIVASAN.
THANKS FOR WATCHING.
HAVE A GOOD NIGHT.

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